Top 5 countries racing for excellence in artificial intelligence
The tools and techniques of artificial intelligence have seen a lot of developments in the recent period, and although a few years ago this technique was just an idea we see in science fiction films, quickly turned into reality and began to use in many areas, It will be one of the principal axes of the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
Current trends suggest that artificial intelligence will have the most significant impact on the global economy. According to a report by the McKinsey Global Institute, artificial intelligence will boost the world economy by $ 13 trillion by 2030.
The development of AI is a term that includes neural networks, automated learning, and deep learning techniques. It will dramatically change civilian and military life in the coming decades. The rapid pace of development in this area will force countries to reassess their policies and strategies for adoption.
Germany, Japan, Russia, and South Korea are among the most critical countries fighting for supremacy in this area, while the two largest countries are engaged in a severe struggle for power in this area: China, the United States.
During this continuous race of countries to excel in this area, significant nations around the world began to develop their strategies in the field of artificial intelligence; to accelerate the development of technology in general, and last year there were countries seeking continuous growth, such as Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, India, Singapore, South Korea, Sweden, Taiwan, and the United Arab Emirates.
This year, artificial intelligence development strategies focus on different areas such as scientific research, talent, and skills development, education, public and private sector adoption of technology, standards, regulations, data, and digital infrastructure.
The following are the top five countries racing to excel in artificial intelligence, according to the FORBES:
In the United States, research in artificial intelligence drives academia, the private sector, and no central policy of development. Some individual projects are sponsored by military and paramilitary administrations, including advanced defense research projects DARPA DARPA, and IARPA.
The government does not have a national strategy to increase investment in artificial intelligence, or to tackle the obstacles to development, while China has overtaken the United States in this matter, so US President Donald Trump has recently rushed to sign the US artificial intelligence initiative, which states: To invest more in R & D in the field of artificial intelligence, data exchange, computer models with external researchers, establish clear technical standards, promote the development of manpower, give priority to technology.
To achieve these goals, a new selection committee has been formed to advise the Government on research and development in artificial intelligence, as well as to consider key partnerships in industry and academia.
The Department of Defense is speeding up efforts to adopt artificial intelligence, allocating $ 75 million from its annual spending plan to develop these technologies, and other government agencies have similar projects.
Many specialists in artificial intelligence have confirmed that the best talent in the United States is in institutions such as Google, Amazon, Microsoft, Apple, and others … regardless of whether the government or private companies are in charge of developing the technology; There is now a lot of funding for the development of research and products in the areas of artificial intelligence. This indicates a desire to speed up development, and the more achievements related to artificial intelligence in the market, the more investment will be injected in this area.
What distinguishes China from other countries is the resources it already devotes and achievements in artificial intelligence. All this began when the State Council issued the “Next Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Plan.” The plan sets China’s goal of building a local, self-reliant artificial intelligence industry in the next few years. The government will invest around $ 7 billion in artificial intelligence by 2030, including $ 2 billion for the Beijing Research Park.
The Chinese government expects an artificial intelligence industry of $ 150 billion by 2030, organized by a comprehensive national strategy, to emerge as a global leader in the field. Reports say that 48% of the funding is provided to Chinese start-ups working on artificial intelligence projects.
The strategy focuses initially on R & D, then highlights manufacturing, talent development, education, skills acquisition, regulation, and artificial intelligence security. The approach of this strategy is quite clear, and it is achieved in three steps.
After the announcement of the next-generation plan, the government introduced a three-year work plan to upgrade the development of the artificial intelligence industry. Also, the Chinese government is working in partnership with national technology companies to accelerate research and development.
3. United Kingdom:
The UK announced a deal between private and public companies to provide more than $ 200 million to invest in artificial intelligence. The government is also willing to spend $ 30 million to create incubators for artificial intelligence technology. VC’s Global Brain has decided to invest $ 50 million, and Chrysalix has pledged $ 100 million in projects focused on artificial intelligence.
It is worth mentioning that the government plans to participate in providing funds for academic research actively, and support 1,000 specialized doctorate degrees in artificial intelligence as well.
Unlike the United States and China, the UK claims that it can not over-spend, as other countries do, but will focus on a particular area of specialization (let’s say: the ethics of artificial intelligence for competitive benefits). The government is also focusing on improving digital infrastructure and supporting advanced talent.
The Indian Government has followed an exceptional approach to the National Artificial Intelligence Strategy, which includes the contribution of AI tools and techniques for raising the nation’s industrial and social standards. NITI Aayog has launched a comprehensive approach called #AIforAll, which aims to promote diverse aspects of growth.
India plans to invest in research and other artificial intelligence sectors, which can be used in the economic and social development of the country.
India’s Thought Foundation has provided 30 policies to invest in scientific research, encourage skills and training, and accelerate the adoption of artificial intelligence; to promote business ethics, privacy and security.
The application of artificial intelligence technologies will, of course, contribute to the development of various sectors in India, including health care, agriculture, education, smart cities, and autos.
Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered professionals to develop a national strategy for artificial intelligence by June 15, 2019. The Russian government is determined to take advantage of synthetic intelligence strategies by the summer of 2019.
The president also ordered ways to stimulate investment in high-tech projects based on artificial intelligence. Projects that will develop technologies such as Internet objects, robots and data processing will also be supported. In the same context, the government also ordered the development of 15 scientific institutes in Russia by January 2022.
Russia is also planning to research and develop, to support artificial intelligence standards, to create a workforce capable of creating change, and aim Russia to invest hundreds of millions of dollars to build a digital technology economy includes more significant government investment